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  • Beginner
  • 1 Pound
  • None
Out of Stock


    • 1 Gallon of Milk(Not UltraPasteurized)
    • 1 1/2 tsp Citric Acid
    • 1/4 Rennet Tablet or 1/4 tsp Single Strength Liquid Rennet
    • 1 tsp Cheese Salt (adjust to taste)


    • Good Thermometer
    • Knife to Cut Curds
    • Spoon or Ladle to Stir Curds
    • Large Colander
    • Large Bowl

    Optional - Food grade, heat resistant gloves for stretching the curds

    Choosing the Right Milk

    • Make sure the milk you use is not ultra pasteurized
    • You can use homogenized or non-homogenized milk
    • Farm fresh milk is a great option if you can find it localy
    • Low fat milk will work but the cheese will be drier and less flavorful

    1 Prepare Work Area

    Do not prepare any other food while you are making cheese. Put all food products away.

    Move all sponges, cloths and dirty towels away from your work surface, wipe your sink and stove with soap and water. Finally use your antibacterial cleaner to wipe down all surfaces.

    2 Prepare Rennet

    Crush 1/4 tablet of rennet and dissolve in 1/4 cup of cool un-chlorinated water or add 1/4 tsp single strength liquid rennet to the water. Set your rennet mixture aside to use later.

    3 Mix Citric Acid & Milk

    Add 1 1/2 tsp. of citric acid, diluted in 1 cup cool water, pour this into your pot.

    Now, pour cold milk into your pot quickly to mix well with the citric acid. This will bring the milk to the proper acidity to stretch well later.

    4 Heat Milk

    Heat the milk slowly to 90°F. As you approach 90°F, you may notice your milk beginning to curdle slightly due to acidity and temp.

    Note: If you're having problems with milk forming a proper curd, you may need to increase this temp to 95°F or even 100F.

    5 Add Rennet

    At 90°F, remove the pot from the burner and slowly add your rennet (which you prepared in step one) to the milk. Stir in a top to bottom motion for approx. 30 seconds, then stop.

    Cover the pot and leave undisturbed for 5 minutes.

    Check the curd after 5 minutes, it should look like custard, with a clear separation between the curds and whey. If the curd is too soft or the whey is milky, let it set for a few more minutes.

    6 Cut & Cook Curd

    Cut the curds into a 1" checkerboard pattern.

    Place the pot back on the stove and heat to 105°F while slowly stirring the curds with your ladle (if you will be stretching the curds in a hot water bath rather than using a microwave heat to 110°F in this step).

    Take the pot off the burner and continue stirring slowly for 2-5 minutes. (More time will make a firmer cheese)

    7 Transfer & Drain Curd

    With a slotted spoon, scoop curds into a colander or microwave safe bowl (if the curd is too soft at this point let it sit for another minute or so).

    Once transferred, press the curd gently with your hand, pouring off as much whey as possible. If desired, you can reserve the whey to use later in baking or as a soup stock.

    8 Heat Curd & Remove Whey

    If in a colander transfer the curds into a heat safe bowl. Next, microwave the curd for 1 minute.

    You will notice more whey separation from the curd. Drain off all whey as you did before. Quickly work the cheese with a spoon or your hands until it is cool enough to touch (rubber gloves will help since the cheese is almost too hot to touch at this point).

    Microwave two more times for 35 seconds each, and repeat the kneading as in the last step to aid in more whey drain off and ensure even heating of the curds. Drain off all of the whey as you go.

    9 Knead & Stretch Curd

    Now the fun begins, knead quickly now as you would bread dough. Remove curd from bowl and continue kneading until it is smooth and shiny. Return it to the microwave if needed (if it begins to cool before it's ready to stretch). Add salt near the finish. At this point, if hot enough, the cheese should be soft and pliable enough to stretch, and stretch, and stretch some more (like taffy). This is what makes it Mozzarella

    We hope you have as much fun with this as we do.

    10 Eat & Enjoy

    Now knead your cheese back into a big ball until it is smooth and shiny

    Your Mozzarella is ready as soon as it's cool enough to eat. To cool quickly place it in a bowl of ice water and refrigerate. When cold you can wrap in plastic wrap and it will last for several days, but is best when eaten fresh.

    The Right Milk for Mozzarella

    Our best advice to date is to buy a LOCAL milk one that has not had to have the extensive Long Haul treatment For more details on finding a milk that works for you click here

    A problem is that milk is being shipped cross country after being processed by huge processing plants. In order to do this the milk must be processed at higher temps and then held at cold temps for long periods of time while going these long distances to markets. This is especially true for our so called "organic milks" Many of the milks not labeled as UP are in fact heat and cold damaged and will not make a proper cheese curd for this Mozzarella, if your cheese is not working try our dry milk powder and cream recipe.

    Not Ultra Pasteurized

    If you have any concerns on your milk quality or you can not form a nice curd like you see in the following recipe click here for more info on Ultra Pasteurized Milk.

    This is an example of curds that are not forming properly because of Ultra Pasteurized milk. Don't worry, they will still be really yummy, they just wont turn into Mozzarella. As explained in the link above, drain these curds in butter muslin and enjoy them as they are or add some salt or herbs. This will make a great spread for crackers.

    Making Mozzarella Without a Microwave

    If you would like to try this recipe without a Microwave please click here.

    A Few More Tips

    • A substitution of reconstituted dry milk powder and cream is a great option if you can not find the right type of milk.
    • Lipase can be added to the milk to provide a more robust Italian cheese flavor
    • If you want a softer texture, do not let the curd set as firm and work less when draining and kneading, this will make a moister cheese.
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    Number of questions: 5
    <p>How many ounces of mozzarella can a person expect to make with one gallon of milk?</p>
    January 20, 2018 9:05 AM
    One gallon of milk will generally yield a 1lb ball of cheese. This could be higher or lower, depending on your milk.
    January 22, 2018 12:38 PM
    <p>So I made this, no problem... nice fresh milk.... this time, I followed all the steps... and the cheese never firmed up... once I cooked the curds and took them out, they never firmed up... I used a wire mesh colander (instead of butter muslin) to drain it... I am in the process of checkig my thermometer, but I can't think of anything else... I have a large bowl of milk pudding right now... thoughts?</p>
    November 22, 2017 6:56 PM
    <p>Will Do. Thank you for your help.</p>
    January 17, 2018 8:57 AM
    Jim suspects that this was either an off batch of milk, perhaps a bit older, or was maybe pasteurized a bit higher than usual. The fact that it made a nice curd, but then did not want to come together in the draining and stretching phase, usually indicates a milk that is not high heat treated, but heated just a bit higher than the 168F that works best with the mozzarella. Milks like this will generally form a nice curd, but not quite have the proteins necessary to bond together for the heating/stretching phase. If you do try this milk again and still find it to not work, please let me know.
    January 17, 2018 7:57 AM
    Thank you for the follow up. I am going to pass this along to Jim, our tech guy, and will post his reply here. It may have just been an off batch of milk, since you state that the curd formed nicely, but fell apart in the heating phase. Was this a store bought milk or a raw milk? Also,I apologize that this was not replied to sooner. We normally get a notification when a new Q&A is submitted, but it was either missed or never came in.
    January 15, 2018 12:52 PM
    <p>When do I add the cheese salt? Also, how much should I add?</p>
    November 15, 2017 6:33 AM
    You can add salt to the curds after the first heating in the microwave. After you have taken the bowl from the microwave and drained the whey off, you can sprinkle in the salt as you being to work the curd. We recommend starting with 1 tsp. You can always adjust this up or down to suit your taste on future batches.
    November 15, 2017 10:52 AM
    <p>Thanks for the information! :)</p>
    October 30, 2017 10:31 AM

    I do not own a microwave. Do I bring to boil on stove top each time? Pls help - tks!

    October 20, 2017 11:52 AM

    No microwave is not a problem, you can use a water bath to heat the curds for stretching! Here is a link to that method:

    October 23, 2017 8:53 AM
    Based on 3 Reviews

    From: Texas

    Salt with Alder Wood Smoked salt!

    Smooth, flavorful using whole milk. Only share with those you love the most! Love it on homemade eggplant pizza.



    Easy and fun

    Just tried making cheese for the first time. This was really easy and surprising fun to make. I will definitely be making more.


    • Stretchy
    • shiny
    • tasty!
    From: Alaska

    Great Recipe!

    I have made Mozzarella many times with this recipe (but I used raw goat milk), and it works very well!